Kashmir A Conflict between India and Pakistan
Syeda Mazhar


Kashmir is the oldest and the most serious dispute between Pakistan and India. Various efforts at the bilateral and multilateral levels could not resolve this problem. The two countries have fought hot and cold wars which undermined their bilateral relations. India’s efforts to strengthen its control of Kashmir by use of force have always been questioned by Pakistan that supports Kashmiri demand for right self determination under the UN Resolution of 1948-49.

The Indian government use security forces and intelligence establishment to subdue Kashmiris. The Kashmiri people want freedom from India and decide their political future on their own. This is not acceptable to India and it use force to control Kashmiris.
The interview of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah in “Daily Hamdard” about Kashmir situation on Feb 3,1946 is very important and relevant to show Pakistan’s stance and its national policy on this issue. He said: – “Although I am fully occupied with the British Indian elections just now yet I have not forgotten the problems of Kashmir he said, I am fully conscious of the suffering of the people there and that though the burden of the struggle against repression and oppression was mainly to be born by the people of Kashmir, we shall always help them in every possible way…” (Collins & Lapierre, 2011). He also said, “In search of an inventive approach to untangle the Kashmir knot, the ‘merit of the case’ was not a good starting point. Firstly, we might not agree on the merit: we did not for over six decades. Secondly, and more importantly: complex issues are not resolved by providing one or the other side wrong, but by identifying common causes that can be pursued together”.
Kashmir is a very complex dispute, it is an ethnic dispute it is a religious dispute, it is a territorial dispute, it is a dispute over Human Rights, but above all it is a dispute about right of the Kashmiri people to determine their own political future. Apart from the terrible suffering and deprivation, the people of Kashmir have suffered and are suffering. They have also paid a terrible price. The Kashmir problem was sought not to be resolved by dialogue but by bloodshed not by force of reason but by the reason of force.
The indiscriminate responses have undermined the faith of many in the government or security forces. Some effort must be made to improve the behavior of the security forces and to minimize the abuses. But over all scenarios shows us that the Indian Government and the Armed Forces don’t want to let the Kashmir free because they earned a heavy amount from the Kashmir which is also better for the economy of India.
The political history of Kashmir since 1947 shows that the Kashmiri’s have resisted Indian’s efforts to integrate Kashmir fully into Indian federation. The Kashmiris have faced the wrath of Indian’s security forces but they did not change their mind on the future of Kashmir. This problem has negatively affected the relations between India and Pakistan. There is a need to seek a peaceful political solution of the Kashmir problem. For this purpose Pakistan and India should held a regular dialogue for evolving methods to implement the UN resolutions on Kashmir. Meanwhile the Indian Government should adopt ways to control human rights violations by its security forces in Indian administered Kashmir. The hardships of the people of Kashmir should be addressed on priority basis. The suggestions made in this article can help to improve the situation of ordinary people in India administered Kashmir and create an environment for a just solution of the Kashmir problem.
The world community should actively participate and should acknowledged HR violations in IOC and should forcefully made India to avoid such atrocities. In current times when people are blinded with pallet guns, organizations like OIC who are openly offering to send their fact finding mission in IOC should be honorably accepted and their findings should be made public to unveil the truth. Ban on organizations like Amnesty International and media should also be uplift. United Nations should fulfil its promise to settle the Kashmir issue according to the will of Kashmiri people and if India refuses the offer again, it should be isolated in the comity of nations. All the treaties between India and Pakistan, under the umbrella of world organizations, should be strictly followed and no single country should be allowed to infringe these tries, especially Indus water treaty, which India is thinking to violate to pressurize Pakistan to stop raising its voice in favor in Kashmir.