Synthesizing Institutional Harmony
Momin Iftikhar


The COAS’ 5 November address to a gathering of officers in GHQ, in which he raised issues which were having an impact on the professional efficiency and morale of the Pakistan Army was a somber and realistic assessment of the Army’s pulse. The message carried in the address went much beyond the assembled audience and sought to remind the Nation of the vitiating environment that were beginning to take shape, causing concern and raking unease within the Army’s rank and file. Army Chief is responsible to his command to ensure that its institutional concerns, beyond the realm of his own authority, are communicated to the authorities concerned; irrespective of ruffled feathers or cross grained disposition towards the obtaining flow of events and opinions. By no means it is a sanguine undertaking; can carry political and professional costs yet a commander is duty bound to respond, however unsavory the ensuing backlash. This is primarily the reason as to why, in military service the attribute of moral courage – the courage to unflinchingly articulate honest opinion; rises to prominence as one advances in rank, seniority and the expanse of command entrusted to his care. When he sent a message through his GHQ talk, this is exactly what the Chief was doing in utter sincerity and loyalty to the Army he has the honor to command.

Avoiding being pugnacious, the communication was a pragmatic articulation of the prevailing state of affairs which retained the balance of treading the middle plank. There was nothing threatening, accusatory or offensive about it and it didn’t seek any confrontational high ground; nor did it militate against any other national institution. Despite that fine balance the manner in which it was received by a certain section of the media or rather a few media persons, could only be termed as impetuous and self righteous. Perhaps a much misjudged cue had been taken from the contents in the address of the Chief Justice whose proceedings appeared in the press alongside the reporting for COAS address. The CJ’s deliberations made during his address to a delegation of participants from the National Management Course at premises of Supreme Court building, again reflected a well articulated thought process which propounded the supremacy of the constitution, overarching above all national pillars of power. One could also not take umbrage at his thoughts on the character and nature of national security in the present day scenario. “Gone are the days when stability and security was defined in terms of numbers of missiles and tanks as a manifestation of hard power available at the disposal of state,” the CJ had said. With the dimension of the internal security having forced a large segment of Pakistan Army to get deployed on counter terrorism / counter insurgency responsibilities in FATA Region and Baluchistan one could not agree more with him that it were not missiles or tanks that could retrieve us from the morass of the current mess. In fact if one was to extend the logic of his thoughts it is the officers and all ranks of the Pakistan Army and its national commitment to carry the day for Pakistan that stands between peril and the Nation.
This brings us to the crux of the issues raised by General Kayani which essentially were concerned with an unbridled assault on the Army as an institution seeking to dent its sterling and shining image based upon allegations of misconduct by some senior officers long since retired. It was incomprehensible as to why army as an institution be bashed for personal and individual doings of a few individuals, who were currently irrelevant to the system. Not too long ago the media had also carried images of senior serving officers appearing before the court on the issue of the missing persons in Baluchistan. The message that emerged was that perhaps the Frontier Constabulary officers and personnel were involved in this lamentable phenomenon. A fact that got clouded in the process was that the FC was not deployed in Baluchistan by choice and had rather been requested for by the provincial political set up in Aid of Civil Power. The question if these investigations were any conclusive leading to definite answers and pointing to any culprits? goes a-begging. Also, the Manual of Pakistan Military Law (MPML) duly approved and acknowledged by the Constitution of Pakistan provides a terra firma for addressing such maladies within the military domain. The military tradition as well as the law dictates that all offences committed in uniform are tried out under acts of MPML and not under glare of the media flashlights. This is by no means peculiar to Pakistan but a universal practice.
If the Army Chief was anguished there were solid reasons for his concerns. As if on a cue , a plethora of cases belonging to the yore had suddenly and collectively emerged in the Supreme Court as well as the NAB. The sudden and negative focus accompanied by a media tirade, based on pure rhetoric and circumspection obliterated the line separating the accused from the culprit. It also, by default or design, sought to create a wedge between the command echelons of the Army by eroding the bonds of trust between the leaders and the led. The power to command flows from the character and integrity of seniors at all levels and if these very attributes are tarnished then the bond of comradeship and respect begin to strain and chafe. Those acquainted with the Army culture would vouch that it harbors no soft corner for the morally and financially delinquent who are cast out without making a spectacle albeit under acts of military law.
Pakistan Armed Forces stand out as an incomparable national asset which enjoys tremendous respect by people of Pakistan. This appreciation and admiration is hard earned and well deserved. Armed Forces’ unswerving loyalty, devotion to serve and unflinching readiness for sacrifice set them apart in a class of their own. Their ability to form the pivot for the Nation to rally around has made them a target for the forces who in this time of manifest weakness want to irreparably damage Pakistan. Their internecine clash with equally vital national institutions can only be wished by people who are not our friends. Harmony and synthesis of institutions is order of the day and the bedrock of national security; not tanks and guns as the honorable CJ had rightly mentioned in his address.