Naxalism – Blame Game revisited
Afia Ambreen


Recently, West Bengal Director General of Police Naparajit Mukherjee, addressing the meeting of Chief secretaries and police chiefs of nine-Maoists-hit states, stated that ISI is having close liaison with some pro-Naxal over ground organizations through banned SIMI (Students Islamic Movement of India) in the state and helping them to instigate people against the government. Though the Union home ministry did not add to what Mukherjee told the gathering over the nefarious link, security and intelligence agencies spoke about the possibility through Maoists sympathizers. It is important to mention here that for the first time a senior officer has come on record blaming ISI for being Naxals carry out anti-govt activities.

However, this is not the first time that Pakistan or ISI has been blamed for supporting Naxalities rather it is being done since long but in a very organized and sequential manner so that on one side the issue is not internationalized and on the other side the ground is prepared slowly and gradually about ISI involvement in this movement and whenever there is a requirement, same can be brought in with full throttle.
The movement started in Naxalbari village of West Bengal in the early seventies, but has since spread to the rural areas in central and eastern India. The Naxalites are active in approximately 40 percent of India’s geographical area. Now nearly about 200 districts of 8 states of India are Naxal infested. They control large portions of remote and densely forested areas and collectively these area are called “Red Corridor”. This area is also the tribal belt where the tension between economic development and aboriginal land rights is most apparent. It is also a fact that Naxalites attach themselves to civil society and front organizations on issues such as displacement, land reforms and acquisition where they can increase their mass support.
The Naxalite threat is the biggest security problem for India’s future as its effects are multi-layered. Naxalites have been attacking police establishments and infrastructures such as public transportation, causing insecurity and instability to the area. From the period 2006-2010 alone, there were nearly 9,000 incidents with Naxalites with over hundreds of security personnel and 3,000 civilians killed. The Maoist movement highlights India’s interior weaknesses, which makes India also vulnerable to external threats. As part of globalization, threats such as the Naxalite movement can no longer be viewed as simply internal as it also affects external security.
India has long suffered violence from extremist attacks based on separatists and secessionist movements, as well as ideological disagreements. The precise number of groups orchestrating attacks in India is hard to ascertain because of the splintering movements, but the country faces violence perpetrated by dozen of extremist groups. Over the past five decades, it has been up against three different types of militancy: Left-wing extremists, separatists and religious. The left-wing extremist groups that have engaged in terrorist activity include the Peoples Guerrilla Army (PGA), Peoples War Group (PWG), Maoist Communist Centre (MCC), Communist Party of India (Maoist) and Communist Party of India (Janashakti). Apart from these, a new source of terrorism involving a radical Hindu fringe is also emerging in India; there is no doubt that hate against the Muslim minority in India has led to this type of terrorism. The Hindu extremist parties, including Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) and Bajrang Dal, want the 'majoritarian transformation of India, whereby the primacy of just one community (Hindu) can be asserted over all the others. In other words, it was this agenda of extremist Hindus, which allowed them to engage in violent activities. They want India to be a full-fledged Hindu state with the superiority of Hindus over other communities. For this purpose, they usually employ three techniques: Banish all minorities out of India; or force them to convert into Hinduism; and if they do not accept these two conditions, and then kill them to purge Bharat of the people other than the Hindus. Thus, all the dedicated Hindus are following these lines.
It is worth mentioning that there is not even a signal day that Pakistan or ISI is not blamed in Indian media in one way or the other so as to keep the pressure on and defame it internationally. However, instead of wasting all her zeal and zest in playing blame game against Pakistan, India could have made situation far better by concentrating upon the remedy of actual issues which compel the people to revolt against the government. Naxilite movement and the uprising for freedom in seven north-eastern states is no more a hidden story. Even Dr. Manmohan Singh, prime minister of India once admitted in 2009 talking to the media men that India is facing the worst threat from the Naxilite movement. He said with severe distress and anguish, "Naxilite movement is the biggest internal security threat for India." The seven north-eastern states including Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura are also the worst example of India's home-grown terrorism. These states cover an area of about 250,000 km2 which amounts to 7 percent of India's total area and about 3.8 percent of India's total population. A continuous state of disturbance and disorder in such a vast area could never be a negligible reality. Instead of targeting Pakistan, India must pay attention to this ‘biggest internal security threat'.