Balochistan Imbroglio
Afia Ambreen


According to ‘Gilani Research Foundation’ survey carried out by Gallup Pakistan, notes that 65% in Pakistan are fearful and apprehensive about insurgency in Balochistan. A nationally representative sample of men and women from across the four provinces was asked, “These days in Balochistan there are talks going on about separatist movements and insurgency. In your opinion, is the threat of separation and insurgency of Balochistan very serious or not serious?” Responding to this, 65% of Pakistanis are of the opinion that the threat is “very serious” and 16% think it is “not serious”. However, 19% did not give a response. The survey was carried out among a sample of 2,674 men in rural and urban areas of all four provinces of the country, during October 07- 13, 2012.

Recent surge of violence in Baluchistan and tribal areas hints that year 2012 will be tougher than the previous year. There is immense pressure on our security forces. They are being killed ruthlessly by paid militants in Baluchistan and tribal areas. More than 4,000 soldiers have lost their lives and more than 7,000 have been injured so far in last ten years. Causality rate of security forces in Baluchistan is also mounting day by day. Without any doubt there is involvement of foreign powers in both these areas. They are using Afghanistan as a launching pad against Pakistan. The law and order situation in Balochistan is the responsibility of the provincial government that must put its act together to take charge of the situation. Holding the FC responsible for the missing persons solely is not tenable, as its actions are in support of the provincial government to defeat the terrorists. There are allegations against Pakistan army, FC and intelligence agencies involvement in killing of Baloch dissidents. This is extremely cynical and contemptuous to put blame squarely on armed forces/ law enforcement agencies as political government is in place and it is about time for the civilian government to complete their five years’ term. The fact of the matter is that owning to its geo-strategic and geo-economic significance, US think tanks and CIA in collaboration with RAW and Mossad had been covertly debating and planning about the future of Baluchistan since last many years. The dissident elements in the province are acting on the behest of these foreign intelligence agencies. The prevailing situation suggests that these dissident elements will further strengthen their campaign against Pakistan.
It is important to mention here that according to another survey by the Gilani Research Foundation’, Pakistani views on who is to blame for insurgency in Balochistan are sharply divided: federal government (27%), Baloch leaders (29%) and foreign powers (27%) all share it almost equally. A nationally representative sample of men and women from across the four provinces was asked “In your opinion, who is more responsible for the unrest in Balochistan and negative sentiments about central government?” Responding to this, 29% said “Baloch leaders”, 27% said “federal government” and 27% said “foreign powers.” However, 17% did not give a response.
The level of training, tactics, weapon and equipment with militants in tribal areas and Balochistan illustrates that they are getting support from anti Pakistan elements in Afghanistan. The involvement of United States, UK, India, Afghanistan and Israel cannot be just ruled out. There is also failure from our own side, we have been failed to settle this issue politically and relied heavily on security forces. Army, FC or intelligence agencies can never resolve this issue, these are law enforcement agencies, they can only try to ensure stable security situation but responsibility of political stability in Baluchistan lies with political elites. Socio-economic deprivation, ethnic violence involving target killings, sectarian divide, social disorder and lawlessness are not only main causes of concern but also awaits attention of the ruling elite. But unfortunately they are busy in political wrangling, blame game and corruption. Political leadership maintains an indifferent attitude using vague policies and evasive schemes to pass time. The situation demands that political government having realized the gravity of the issue must devise a comprehensive strategy to undertake timely measures to bring lasting peace in the province.