‘Second Majority’
Asghar Ali Shad & Saira Rehman
7/17/2012

 

Right after partition, discriminating approach of all the Indian governments towards the
Muslims living in India is an open secret. Ironically, for a long period of time, the Indian
leaders remained successful in portraying a secular image of India in front of the world
and even few of the Muslim countries as well that the Muslims are not discriminated on
the mere basis of religion.
But truth has to unleash, it is a law of nature. Perhaps, for the same reason 'Sachar
Report' by the committee formulated by the Indian Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh,
came forward.

In fact, much earlier before that the former Indian Prime Minister, Devi Goda, in an
interview to one of the leading newspapers of India, 'Hindustan' admitted that due to
proliferation of fundamental sentiments in India, Muslims in India are in a dismal
situation socially and economically even worse than the untouchables. Another former
Indian Prime Minister, Attal Biharee Vajpayee, also acknowledged the very fact during
the Minority Convention of his party that the real problem of Muslims was not 'Babri
Mosque' but of 'equality'. Therefore, the Indian Muslims should focus on the demand of
equal human and citizenship's rights in all fields of life rather to waste their energy and
time on the demand of rebuilding of the 'Babri Mosque'.
Vajpayee's statement clearly pointed towards admittance of the mistake. Tall claims of
secularism in India can be easily seen. Similarly, rapid rise of Hindu extremism can
also be observed.
During a large convention of Muslims organised in Jaipur - the capital of Rajasthan,
participants made a demand of governmental and non-governmental jobs according to
the ratio of population. They expressed that they had been treated in a discriminatory
manner during the last 64 years.
Highlighting the same issue, a Hindu daily, Navbharat Times, published that many
Hindu quarters mentioned about the economic and educational facilities and
allowances being provided to the minorities living in India. It is also being said time and
again that according to the articles 29 and 30 of the Indian constitution, secured and
firm constitutional rights are provided to the minorities. But in spite of these mere facesaving
constitutional rights, ground realities are other way round.
According to an authentic survey, literacy rate in the urban areas of India is about
52.11%. While among the Muslims, ratio stands at 42%, among female Muslims, it is
mere 11%. However, overall literacy rate among the Indian females is 39.42%. Sadly,
only 4% Indian Muslims acquire high school education. Similarly, degree education
stands at 0.068% among Muslims.
Describing few data details would be helpful to understand the actual picture. In the
field of medical, ratio of the Muslim females is only 1%. In the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Muslims have a representation of 2.89%, in information technology
3.6%, in banking 2.18%, Indian Police Service 2%, as the High Court judges 4.52%
while grade four employees are only 2%.
In the 13 provinces of India, Muslim population is more than 14%. The executive cadre
comprises only of 3.19% and supervisor cadre consists of 4.3% Muslims. Similarly,
ratio of percentage of grade four Muslim employees stands at 7.93%.
Muslims in the executive class of five big industrial families of India which include
Tesco, Kia Lokey, Ora, Mahinder and Mahinder and J.K industries, are in the ratio of
2.63%, 1.38%, 0.68%, 0.68% and 4.4%, respectively. Similarly, average collective
yearly income of Muslims is also five per cent less than the total per capita income.
Monthly income of 53.3% Muslims is less than Rs 160. In the investment sector, funds
of Muslims are mere 3.7%. As far as facility of bank loans is concerned, only 5.06% of
the total facility is availed by the Indian Muslims.
There is not even a single Muslim in the Board of Directors of 16 scheduled banks.
Ironically, out of 427 directors of the 20 national banks, only 4 are Muslims. Similarly,
Muslims have had only 1.52% of the total telecommunication connections of India.
However, Muslims have a share of 4.05% in the petrol pumps dealership, similarly, a
right of only 2.3% of dealership of the Gas Agencies is possessed by the Muslims.
59.1% of the total Muslim population of the rural areas of India owns less than one
acre of land. Statistically, owners of 5-acre land are mere 10.5%, similarly, the
proportion of Muslims possessing more than 10-acre land is only 4%.
Muslim labour belonging to the agriculture system is 36.3% while that belonging to
non-agricultural field is 2.12%. 51.4% of the total Muslim population is associated with
the low-income fields like mechanics or masons.
Facility of getting loans from the investment sector or banks is a far cry for Muslims, in
fact Muslims have to undergo immense struggle to rent a house.
According to the former Indian Foreign Secretary, Rasgotra, Muslims in India are so
much facilitated and enjoying influential position that it would be better to call them
'second majority' of India. However, on in-depth analysis of the actual situation of the
so-called 'second majority' of India, one can easily make out the macabre situation of
the other minorities of India.
Right after partition, discriminating approach of all the Indian governments towards the
Muslims living in India is an open secret. Ironically, for a long period of time, the Indian
leaders remained successful in portraying a secular image of India in front of the world
and even few of the Muslim countries as well that the Muslims are not discriminated on
the mere basis of religion. But truth has to unleash, it is a law of nature. Perhaps, for
the same reason 'Sachar Report' by the committee formulated by the Indian Prime
Minister, Manmohan Singh, came forward. In fact, much earlier before that the former
Indian Prime Minister, Devi Goda, in an interview to one of the leading newspapers of
India, 'Hindustan' admitted that due to proliferation of fundamental sentiments in India,
Muslims in India are in a dismal situation socially and economically even worse than
the untouchables. Another former Indian Prime Minister, Attal Biharee Vajpayee, also
acknowledged the very fact during the Minority Convention of his party that the real
problem of Muslims was not 'Babri Mosque' but of 'equality'. Therefore, the Indian
Muslims should focus on the demand of equal human and citizenship's rights in all fields of life rather to waste their energy and time on the demand of rebuilding of the
'Babri Mosque'. Vajpayee's statement clearly pointed towards admittance of the
mistake. Tall claims of secularism in India can be easily seen. Similarly, rapid rise of
Hindu extremism can also be observed. During a large convention of Muslims
organised in Jaipur - the capital of Rajasthan, participants made a demand of
governmental and non-governmental jobs according to the ratio of population. They
expressed that they had been treated in a discriminatory manner during the last 64
years. Highlighting the same issue, a Hindu daily, Navbharat Times, published that
many Hindu quarters mentioned about the economic and educational facilities and
allowances being provided to the minorities living in India. It is also being said time and
again that according to the articles 29 and 30 of the Indian constitution, secured and
firm constitutional rights are provided to the minorities. But in spite of these mere facesaving
constitutional rights, ground realities are other way round.According to an
authentic survey, literacy rate in the urban areas of India is about 52.11%. While
among the Muslims, ratio stands at 42%, among female Muslims, it is mere 11%.
However, overall literacy rate among the Indian females is 39.42%. Sadly, only 4%
Indian Muslims acquire high school education. Similarly, degree education stands at
0.068% among Muslims. Describing few data details would be helpful to understand
the actual picture. In the field of medical, ratio of the Muslim females is only 1%. In the
Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Muslims have a representation of 2.89%, in
information technology 3.6%, in banking 2.18%, Indian Police Service 2%, as the High
Court judges 4.52% while grade four employees are only 2%. In the 13 provinces of
India, Muslim population is more than 14%. The executive cadre comprises only of
3.19% and supervisor cadre consists of 4.3% Muslims. Similarly, ratio of percentage of
grade four Muslim employees stands at 7.93%. Muslims in the executive class of five
big industrial families of India which include Tesco, Kia Lokey, Ora, Mahinder and
Mahinder and J.K industries, are in the ratio of 2.63%, 1.38%, 0.68%, 0.68% and 4.4%,
respectively. Similarly, average collective yearly income of Muslims is also five per
cent less than the total per capita income. Monthly income of 53.3% Muslims is less
than Rs 160. In the investment sector, funds of Muslims are mere 3.7%. As far as
facility of bank loans is concerned, only 5.06% of the total facility is availed by the
Indian Muslims.There is not even a single Muslim in the Board of Directors of 16
scheduled banks. Ironically, out of 427 directors of the 20 national banks, only 4 are
Muslims. Similarly, Muslims have had only 1.52% of the total telecommunication
connections of India. However, Muslims have a share of 4.05% in the petrol pumps
dealership, similarly, a right of only 2.3% of dealership of the Gas Agencies is
possessed by the Muslims. 59.1% of the total Muslim population of the rural areas of
India owns less than one acre of land. Statistically, owners of 5-acre land are mere
10.5%, similarly, the proportion of Muslims possessing more than 10-acre land is only
4%. Muslim labour belonging to the agriculture system is 36.3% while that belonging to
non-agricultural field is 2.12%. 51.4% of the total Muslim population is associated with
the low-income fields like mechanics or masons. Facility of getting loans from the
investment sector or banks is a far cry for Muslims, in fact Muslims have to undergo
immense struggle to rent a house.According to the former Indian Foreign Secretary,
Rasgotra, Muslims in India are so much facilitated and enjoying influential position that
it would be better to call them 'second majority' of India. However, on in-depth analysis of the actual situation of the so-called 'second majority' of India, one can easily make
out the macabre situation of the other minorities of India.