China’s rise to superpower
Developing countries are happy over China’s unstoppable rise to superpower, which will end the era of unipolar world to make it a bi-polar if not multi-polar world. China has already surpassed Japan as the world’s second largest economy. As conventional wisdom is often hard to dispute, most pundits agree that this is China’s century.
America however has been criticizing China alleging that its rising military strength is focused on countering US power, and despite apparently cordial relations, it continues the policy of containing China and criticizing it for human rights violations. But despite West’s ruses and manipulations China has excellent relations with the countries of Asia, Africa and South America. In October 2010, award of Nobel Peace Prize to Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo was a part of the plot to denigrate China. The Nobel Committee while awarding the Peace Prize 2010 to the Chinese dissident had stated that it was given for his long non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China. But Norwegian Nobel Committee at the same time had acknowledged that “China has had economic growth hardly comparable in history, and lifted millions of people out of poverty”.
The committee failed to grasp the true sense or real meaning of freedoms and fundamental rights. The question is which country of the world would allow its dissenters to slander and incite others to create unrest and chaos in the state in the name of fundamental rights? Secondly, their myopic vision could not see the miracle that Chinese government has alleviated poverty, and living standards of the people have markedly improved. Anyhow, in their first reaction to the Norwegian Nobel Committee’s decision, Chinese authorities had called the Nobel Peace Prize award an obscenity. Pakistan had expressed solidarity with China and condemned the Nobel peace prize committee’s decision to award the Nobel Peace 2010 to Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo, adding that he was sentenced by the Chinese judicial system and had done nothing worthwhile that could possibly qualify him for the Nobel peace prize. In 1989, Nobel Prize was awarded to the Dalai Lama, another renegade and outlaw, which was flagrant violation of principles of non-interference in the affairs of other countries.
But such maneuvers cannot deter China from taking another leap forward. China’s economic growth was more than 10 percent during the last decade and has Gross National Product (GDP) next to America. It would not be an exaggeration to say that with China’s rise, the present world has already become a bipolar world, at least figuratively. The maxim that ‘nations with great past have great future’ is premised on the rich resources, geographical location and will and determination of the hard working people. And China is a fine example of this reality. The Chinese nation with a civilization of more than 5,000 years entered a new era of development and progress since Chairman Mao Tse Tung pronounced the founding of the People’s Republic of China on 1st October 1949. Indeed, China was once a great civilization, but degeneration had crept in due to the intrigues of the West. However, the Marxist ideology inspired the people and it was back on the track to enlightenment and development. China was predominantly an agricultural society; therefore base of its revolution was not proletariat but farmers.
Even though both the Russian and the Chinese Communists were dedicated to state-directed economic development as a means of advancement toward the goal of socialist society, significant differences existed clearly in their programmes for economic growth. Nevertheless, after Deng Xiao Ping took over the control of the Communist Party, he felt that China could not go forward unless it got western technology. The US and the West were already working on the plan to exacerbate the contradictions between Russia and China, and did transfer some intermediate technology to China. However, Chinese adopted the capitalistic system or market economy but monitored by the old guards of the Communist Party, which is indeed a unique arrangement. The relations between the US and China had markedly improved after boost in their economic ties, and China today is the biggest creditor of the US having invested around $ 1 trillion in Treasury Securities and more than $130 billion in portfolio investment, and is second biggest trading partner of the US after Canada.
But the US and the West are concerned over China’s insatiable demand for raw materials and oil, and seeing China having made inroads in Africa and elsewhere, they have renewed their efforts to contain China. Their sinister designs are obvious from the US-India nuclear deal and sophisticated arms sale to Taiwan. It was in this backdrop that China had warned of serious repercussions following Washington's announcement of a $6.4bn (£4bn) arms deal with Taiwan. At the present, Taiwan is an obvious flashpoint, the place where US promises with Taiwan and China’s goals could collide one day, as China never ruled out the use of force for reunification. But Chinese leadership always remained well-composed and never reacted reflexively even when it was a question of its rights over Taiwan. Chinese leadership has all along been focusing on economic development, which is sine qua non to military strength. Given the pace of China’s economic development, analysts predict that China would be the leading industrial power and a superpower between 2020 and 2030. But it could be sooner rather than later.
Pakistan is proud of China’s unstoppable rise to superpower. Of course, China is a trusted friend of Pakistan and has always stood by Pakistan in hour of need. For its part, Pakistan in the past supported China on issues like Hong Kong, Tibet and Taiwan, and continues to support on the issue of Tibet and Taiwan after the Hong Kong has joined the mainland.
China continues with its policy of making Pakistan strong, which will per force result in addressing the imbalance in the region. One can observe that the US and European Union have opened a front against Muslim World; they demonize Islam and dub Muslims as terrorists. On the other hand, they are contriving plans to marginalize China, and wish to divide the world in Cold War like situation of blocs. Pakistan has the bitter experience of being involved in global power politics during the Cold War era and because of its alliance with the US and the West, when it was dismembered through international intrigue. In case of Chine, if the superpower once again asks whether ‘you are with us or against us’, Pakistan would not acquiesce to coercive tactics.