JAISH-e-Muhmamad (JeM) chief Maulana Masood Azhar has been designated as a global terrorist under the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1267, perhaps to appease Indian PM Narendera Modi, as the Security Council Committee put restrictions that have already been placed by Pakistan. Since 2008, the US attempted four times to get Masood Azhar listed under the UNSC resolution 1267 but every time its move was thwarted by China. “The Security Council Committee pursuant to resolutions 1267 (1999), 1989 (2011) and 2253 (2015) concerning ISIL (Da’ish), al Qaeda, and associated individuals, groups, undertakings and entities approved the addition of entry to its ISIL (Da’ish) and Al-Qaeda Sanctions List of individuals and entities subject to the assets freeze, travel ban and arms embargo.” There was neither mention of Pulwama attack in Jammu & Kashmir nor reference to ongoing struggle of Kashmiris in Jammu & Kashmir.
Pakistan had rejected earlier proposals to list the JeM chief, as India wanted to link it with the movement in Indian Occupied Kashmir where Kashmiris are waging struggle to get their inalienable right of self-determination. Pakistan’s FO spokesperson said, “India is presenting this new development as its victory and confirmation of its narrative, but these claims are unfounded and false. Once politically motivated attempts to link it with the Pulwama incident and the legitimate Kashmiri struggle for the realisation of the right to self-determination were removed, the current amended listing proposal was approved.” Of course, China withdrew its opposition after consultations with Pakistan, and that Pakistan agreed to the listing after its objections were addressed. China had wanted to delay the matter in view of the ongoing elections in India; however, because of pressure from US and other countries China in consultation with Pakistan withdrew its opposition.
China had helped Pakistan through technical hold since 2008. After Pulwama attack, India tried to link the Maulana with State institutions and also terrorism in Jammu & Kashmir. China and Pakistan succeeded in avoiding UNSC and brought back the matter to the Sanctions Committee, delinked it with State institutions and labelling of J&K Movement as terrorism. In fact Maulana Azhar and Jaish-e-Muhammad (JeM) were defunct and disbanded in Pakistan since 2002 with the conditions that he will not be allowed to travel abroad; will not have any bank account and will not be able to own or carry any weapons. The listing of Masood Azhar as a global terrorist by Sanctions Committee under Resolution 1267 has put the same conditions Pakistan had already put. Anyhow, India was to celebrate the listing of Masood Azhar as global terrorist, but the Maoists’s attack killing 20 Indian elite commandos took the hot air of such celebrations.
On Wednesday, a bomb attack by Maoists that killed 20 Indian elite commandos and their driver was the latest incident of election-time violence in a decades-long insurgency. “Maoists torched over 30 vehicles in Gadchiroli. Indian forces have been fighting Maoists rebels for decades in several areas that has killed tens of thousands. It is an ongoing phenomenon, whereby hundreds of police and commandos have been killed; only in 2017 twenty six commandos were killed in an attack. The Maoists are believed to be present in at least 20 Indian states but are most active in Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Bihar, Jharkhand and Maharashtra. There are many insurgencies in India which means that people are fighting back against Indian oppression.
There have been thousands of riots in India since its establishment in 1947 vis-à-vis Upper Caste Hindus vs Dalit riots; Hindu-Muslim riots, Hindu-Christian riots, Hindu-Sikh riots, atrocities committed in Indian-held Kashmir, Nagaland, Mizoram and other places. It is too well known that caste discrimination against Dalits is rampant in India. In an overt form, it is both a political reality and social fact. Dalits are subjected to violence, especially in rural areas, their women raped and their land usurped. Dalits perform the most dangerous and odious forms of labour in Indian society including that of manual scavenging (removing human or animal waste) or performing low-end ‘dirty’ wage labour in tanneries. Residential areas tend to be segregated along caste lines, especially in rural areas where most people still live. Caste discrimination against Dalits is deep-rooted in society. Maltreatment of women and infanticide of girls also reflect the Hindutva approach to women.
Before concluding, it would be appropriate to pay tributes to China which stood by Pakistan at difficult times. Few relationships in the history of international relations have endured so long as that between Pakistan and China, and even fewer have been described as “higher than the mountains, deeper than the oceans”. This is not just rhetoric; it is based on shared principles and interests, and forms the foundation of cooperation in diverse fields. During his recent visit to China, Prime Minister Imran Khan had met President Xi Jinping and Prime Minister Li Keqiang and discussed matters of mutual interest. Reviewing with satisfaction the historical development of China-Pakistan relations and the great strides made, both sides in the joint statement agreed to further strengthen the China-Pakistan all-weather strategic cooperative partnership in line with the principles set forth by treaty of friendship, cooperation and good-neighbourly relations signed in 2005.