Iqbal: A visionary for all generations
TOMORROW November 09 is the birthday of great visionary leader, poet and philosopher Allama Muhammad Iqbal. Lately, Turkey’s historical city Konya got Allama Iqbal Park built adjacent to Maulana Rumi’s mausoleum. Not to forget there is an honorary grave of Allama Iqbal at Maulana Rumi’s Tomb in Konya, Turkey and now this park entrance displays his picture and quotes at the entrance of “Muhammed Ikqal Parki” shows how much our visionary poet is still respected. The depth of love, affection and respect among the Turkish people and leadership for Muhammad Iqbal is visible today because of his immense services for Islam and contribution to Turkish causes including during the Balkan wars and Turkey’s War of Independence. It is not only about Turkey but in many parts of world like Iran, Portugal, Germany and Argentine they honour Iqbal’s contribution by remembering him time and again by issuing postal stamps, naming some street, roadside or café on his name. When coming across such images it not only brings nostalgia with pride that we as a nation are so blessed that Allama Iqbal was our visionary leader, whose wisdom, poetry and foresightedness is still a vigil for us after many decades. The world acknowledges our leaders so much that sill today they quote them in their discourse.
Allama Muhammad Iqbal, born on Nov 09, 1877 is recognised as the national poet of Pakistan. He was a firm supporter and believer of the politically aware, mystic and divine revival of Islamic civilisation across the world particularly in sub-continent. His poetry is still considered a beam to move forward and take guidance with belief in Khudi. Allama Muhammad Iqbal pulled the Muslims out of the spirals of ignorance and restlessness through his poetry and showed them the right path to their destiny of achieving independence and ‘khudi.’ He was one of the most prominent leaders of the All India Muslim League who encouraged the creation of a “state in north-western India for Muslims” in his 1930 presidential address. As a leading philosophical and literary voice during the time of Indian independence and the eventual partition of the country, Iqbal was an important political and social leader in the establishment of Pakistan in 1947, though he died in 1938 but he gave vision to the people through his poetic collections. That’s why he is honoured as the “Poet of the East”. Allama Iqbal wrote in Persian, Urdu and English and his poetry and prose explore deep existential questions and thoughts about the soul, human life and connexion with God. Iqbal first published a collection of poetry, Asrar-e-Khudi, (Secrets of the Self) in 1915. It is written in Urdu and refers to life as a spiritual journey to realise the inner spark of mysticism within, and be thus transformed. Iqbal in his poetry, especially in “Javid Nama”, had referred to Rumi as Peer-e-Rumi or his mentor as he was deeply influenced by 13th century Persian Sufi poet, Jalal ud din Rumi but Iqbal’s inspirations were not limited to the East. During his academic studies at Trinity College in Cambridge and Ludwig Maximilian University in Munich, where he received his PhD, Iqbal was well-versed with the writings of Nietzsche, Bergson, Goethe, Dante and other philosophers.