Nepal’s sovereignty and its bigger neighbour
Col (R) Muhammad Hanif

Nepal is a Hindu state, which lies along the southern slopes of the Himalayan mountain ranges. It is a landlocked country located between India to the east, south, and west and the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north. Its territory extends roughly 500 miles (800 kilometres) from east to west and 90 to 150 miles from north to south. While Nepal’s border with China comprises of difficult mountainous terrain, its border region with India is easy for transportation since it is a low, flat plain Tarai region, with a 10-mile wide and 500 miles long stretch of fertile agricultural land. The rest of the country comprises of the rugged and mountainous terrain with varying height ranging from 4000 feet to the Great Himalaya Range, rising to more than 29,000 feet, with the Mount Everest peak being the highest in the world.

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Nepal’s foreign policy is a dilemma
Col (R) Muhammad Hanif

Nepal is a Hindu state, which is lying along the southern slopes of the Himalayan mountain ranges. It is a landlocked country, which is strategically located between two much larger countries, India to the east, south, and west and the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north. While Nepal’s border with China comprises of difficult mountainous terrain, its border region with India is easy to transport, communication since it is a low, flat plain, called Tara region, with a 10-mile wide and 500 mile long stretch of fertile agricultural land. In 1991 the kingdom established a multi-party parliamentary system. In 2008, the monarchy was dissolved, and Nepal was declared a democratic republic. Nepal’s economy is mainly dependent on foreign assistance. Its main sources of economic assistance have been and are; India, China, the United States, the United Kingdom, Japan, and other smaller rich western nations. Due to its geographical landlocked position, and an easy access to India than China, Nepal depends on India for trade with the outside world.

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Quaid-e-Azam’s vision and Pakistan
Reema Shaukat

A quote by Douglas Arthur describes; “A true leader has the confidence to stand alone, the courage to make tough decisions and the compassion to listen to the needs of others. He does not set out to be a leader but becomes one by the equality of his actions and the integrity of his intent”.

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Opinion Indian hegemonic designs in Nepal
Reema Shaukat

Indian claims of ‘world’s largest democracy’ and its malicious drives of ruling South Asian region can never be overlooked. Because of such intentions, time and again India keeps on propagating and infuriating to attain its hegemony in South Asia. India time and again try to coerce Nepal which is a land locked sovereign country in South Asia with China as its northern neighbour and India surrounding it from other three sides. Nepal has been facing irrational and strange sanctions on its economy from India quite long.

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“India, behind Baloch separatist movement”
Reema Shaukat

Balochistan a resource rich province of Pakistan has always remained in limelight. Now particularly after CPEC and development of areas in Balochistan, its worth has increased manifolds. Unfortunately history suggests that this province because of domestic and foreign propaganda was made victim of political turmoil and separatist movement. West and its media particularly have never understood the security dynamics of Pakistan. For them Pakistan today is a country which breeds extremism.

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Hubbub against Pakistan’s defence initiatives
Reema Shaukat

Conspiracies against Pakistan are not new. Often its adversaries are found creating hype about its certain capabilities. A recent such flimflam came about few days ago when USA again showed concerns about Pakistan’s tactical nuclear weapons. The State Department in a statement said that US is concerned about the security of tactical nuclear weapons, and it’s been a common refrain in their discussions with Pakistan. Interestingly this announcement comes at the time when USA shows willingness on selling F-16s to Pakistan particularly for combating war on terror.

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Need for National Water Policy
Reema Shaukat

Water is the true wealth in a dry land; without it, land is worthless or nearly so. And if you control water, you can control the land that depends upon it.” (Wallas Stegner) World which marks 22 March every year as international water day, tries to overcome the water challenges erupting with the passage of time. Apart from being one of the significant element for existence of life on earth, water is vital for economic development and human resource. Unfortunately, with every passing second, this component is wasted and the water politics is emerging as a root cause of conflict among nations. Where the globalization is making world rapidly linked, more serious issues and challenges are coming up to tackle energy depletion, water scarcity, human resource management and other menaces.

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Baloch feudal mindset an impediment to CPEC
Sultan M Hali

Baloch feudal lords have been notorious for opposing development in their province. Their mindset is fixated on the factor that denies the uplift of its people; be it socio-economic, educational, health, nutrition or other aspects. There is a method in the madness. The ordinary Baloch serve as minions and serfs on the lands and property of the Baloch sardars, who would not like to endanger their fiefdom if their subjects get enlightened. Generally Baloch feudal lords have been serving as the governors or chief ministers of Balochistan. Despite the allocation of development funds for the construction of educational institutions, communication infrastructure, water and energy projects, the province of Balochistan has remained under developed. Firstly because the allocated funds for development were siphoned off by corrupt political leaders, secondly because they wanted the ordinary Baloch to remain steeped in ignorance lest he demand freedom from bonded labour and refuse to serve as menials.

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Modi distorting history
Sultan M Hali

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has a penchant for distorting history. While addressing the annual budget session in Parliament on 7 February 2018, Modi severely criticised the opposition party, the Indian National Congress. Modi went to the extent of claiming that after independence, Mahatma Gandhi had wanted the dissolution of the Congress Party. He declared that partition of India had occurred owing to wrong policies of Congress.

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Fatwa of Paigham-e-Pakistan
Sultan M Hali

Al Qaeda and Dáesh have been projecting themselves as champions of the Muslims and deny their links with terrorism. Actions speak louder than words. Al Qaeda enraged the wrath of the west by attacking the twin towers in New York and targeting US embassies in various locations. Resultantly, the US mustered international support and, along with the NATO forces, invaded first Afghanistan, which had provided safe asylum to Osama bin Laden, the founder of al Qaeda and later Iraq. Both countries are in ruins. Al Qaeda’s remnants morphed into an even more terrible demonic force known as Dáesh and wreaked havoc in Syria and Iraq, killing and maiming Muslims by the thousands. Dáesh has numerous names. It is known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), the Islamic Caliphate, as well as the Islamic State (IS). It is a terrorist group insurgent, which is basically fundamentalist jihadist Wahabi (Takfiri) in nature. It was formed by radical extremist Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, who in June 2014 proclaimed the caliphate from the Iraqi city of Mosul, demanding allegiance to all Muslims. At its full extent of might, it controlled a vast expanse of territory in Iraq and Syria along with major cities like Fallujah, Mosul and Al-Raqqa. It even found access to the oil and gas resources of Iraq and Syria as well as the historical artifacts, which it sold in the black market to finance its operations.

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New Delhi’s factotum in Washington DC
Sultan M Hali

An article ‘Thank You, President Trump for calling out Pakistan on Terrorism’ written by Larry Pressler has recently been published in “Hindustan Times”. Larry Pressler is a 75 year old pro-Indian Republican politician from South Dakota. He is the architect of the notorious “Pressler Amendment” against Pakistan and author of the controversial book, “Neighbour in Arms” — a book propagating Indian narrative on Pakistan. Writers such as Larry Pressler are backed by the Indian lobby, creating delusions against Pakistan internationally and have become more active since the Trump administration has taken charge of US politics. On 25th October 2017, a book launch event of Neighbours in Arms: An American Senator’s Quest for Disarmament on Nuclear Subcontinent written by Larry Pressler was organised at the Hudson Institute, Washington DC. The event was moderated by a former Pakistani ambassador to USA and the speaker of the event was the author Larry Pressler himself. Readers may recall that as chairman of the US Senate’s Arms Control Subcommittee, Larry Pressler advocated the infamous Pressler Amendment, enforced in 1990. Aid and military sales to Pakistan were blocked, including a consignment of F-16 fighter aircraft, changing forever the tenor of the United States relationships with Pakistan and India, and making Pressler a temporary hero throughout India and a devil in Pakistan. Pressler has long been in Indian caucus and has personally and materially benefited from it. It is therefore no surprise that he wrote a book praising India and condemning its arch rival Pakistan who Pressler had got sanctioned for the same reason that he is now advocating for India i.e. nuclear power. Senator Pressler was a member of the Board of Directors of the Philadelphia Stock Exchange until the NASDAQ purchased it. From 2000 to 2006, Senator Pressler was a member of the Board of Directors of Infosys Technologies, LTD in Bangalore, India. Infosys was a NASDAQ–listed company. Pressler helped Infosys get listed on the New York Stock Exchange. No country has assisted US in the war of terror with the magnitude that Pakistan did. Pakistan has offered tremendous sacrifices of its security forces and civilians alike to root out terrorism from the region. It is an open secret and needs no emphasis His book reveals what went on behind the scenes in the years when the Pressler Amendment was in force, through a cast of characters that include presidents, prime ministers, senators and generals in the US, India and Pakistan. It exposes the enormous power wielded by the military industrial complex (MIC), which the author terms “Octopus”, and how it controls significant aspects of the American presence in the Indian subcontinent. Larry Pressler finds no problem with the fact that the United States spending is more (in absolute numbers) on its military than the next 13 nations combined. At the book launching ceremony, Larry Pressler recommended that the US should declare Pakistan a state sponsoring terrorism. He deemed Pakistan to be a more dangerous country than North Korea. His argument was that Pakistan does not have a clear nuclear chain of command. He went on to float an absurd fictional idea that Pakistani nuclear weapons can be bought for few million dollars. Senator Larry Pressler keeps maligning Pakistan on alleged nuclear proliferation and weak ambiguous chain of command, whereas, his own country i.e. US (so called world’s most conscientious nuclear power) had been proliferating nuclear technology. He can live with Israel’s nuclear program which was acquired clandestinely through US support.

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Reliving Pakistan Day
Sultan M Hali Sultan M Hali

Pakistan Day is celebrated every year to commemorate the Lahore Resolution, which was passed on 23 March 1940 and later on the same date in 1956, when its first Constitution was adopted, transforming it from a Dominion to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park in Lahore that lasted from the 22nd to 24th of March 1940. During this event, the Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah and other founding fathers narrated the events regarding the differences between Hindus and Muslims, and moved the historical resolution that cemented the formation of a nation-state in South Asia as Pakistan, even though the original documents did not actually mention Pakistan at all. The concept was approved but the name, suggested by Chaudhry Rahmat Ali, came later.

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Au revoir mon cher chef de l’air maréchal
Sultan M Hali

A thousand years the earth revolves around its orbit and then a mighty leader is born. How lucky is that tract of land on which such a leader opens his eyes. One such leader was Air Chief Marshal Sohail Aman, who hung his gloves on 19 March 2018 after a brave and courageous command. Pakistan Air Force (PAF), which has had twenty two air chiefs to-date, was blessed to have had Asghar Khan and Nur Khans as its founding fathers, who set the fledgling air force on the path of progress, ensured that the fighting force proves its mettle in every encounter, however much outnumbered and emerges as one of the topmost air forces of the world.

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Nepal: Another Target of the Indian Hegemonic Designs in South Asia
Sajjad Shaukat

By manipulating the double game of the US, India is acting upon secret diplomacy in the region. In the pretext of presumed threat of China, New Delhi has also been trying to establish her hegemony in South Asia. In fact, fast growing economic power of China coupled with her rising strategic relationship with the Third World has irked the eyes of Americans, Israelis, some Western countries and particularly, Indians. Owing to jealousy, America desires to make India a major power to counterbalance China in Asia.

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Better sense has prevailed
Mohammad Jamil

Leaders of religious parties on Monday eventually reached an agreement with the government to amicably end a 22-day long Faizabad sit-in, which has been appreciated by all strata of society. According to the details, Federal Interior Minister Ahsan Iqbal and Federal Interior Secretary Arshad Mirza signed the agreement from the government’s side, while Allama Khadim Hussain Rizvi, Pir Afzal Qadri and Muhammad Waheed Noor signed the agreement on behalf of the religious parties. Law Minister Zahid Hamid tendered his resignation, which was accepted by Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi. Earlier on Sunday, civil and military leaderships had decided not to use force against the Tehreek Labaik Ya Rasoolullah (TLY) protesters staging a sit-in at the Faizabad Interchange of the twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad. However, a few politicians and some analysts were irked by the Army’s role in reaching the above agreement, which averted the catastrophe.

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